Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.[eight]
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."
Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants combination made of soft material, including flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor typically features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals choose to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and pidžame again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got from time to time bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly currently seek advice from Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples pidžame of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.